Managing Transportation Demand
Also known as demand management, this category focuses on understanding how people make their transportation decisions and helping people use the infrastructure in place for transit, ridesharing, walking, biking and telework. It also guides the design of our transportation infrastructure so that alternatives to driving are naturally encouraged and our systems are better balanced. We will continue to add articles as this category of strategies evolves.
Active parking management strategies use new parking technology with flexible pricing methods to better utilize the available parking inventory.
The alternative work hours strategy is an arrangement where employees and employers agree to a non-traditional or non-peak work schedule.
Congestion pricing involves charging drivers to drive in an area based on the level of congestion in that area. This encourages people to shift to other modes, routes or travel times, which reduces congestion and improves mobility. Fees can be collected through tolls, per-mile charges, or location-based charges.
Employees rideshare when they share a vehicle (i.e., carpool, vanpool) to commute to and from the same or nearby worksites, reducing congestion and overall vehicle miles traveled.
High occupancy toll (HOT) lanes are a type of managed lane reserved for single-occupant vehicles that pay a toll and high-occupancy vehicles (HOV) that access the lane for free. HOT lanes use electronic tolling and variable pricing to manage demand in the lanes in order to maintain a speed advantage over the adjacent general purpose freeway lanes.
Land use patterns affect transportation needs, and the availability of transportation options in turn affect land use development. Where people live, work, shop, and recreate affects how people travel.
Telecommuting is a work arrangement where employees use technology solutions to work from home or another location, and do not commute or travel by traditional means (i.e., car, bus) to a central place of work, such as their office.
Trip reduction ordinances include different types of regulations or measures to help mitigate congestion. Typically, there are three forms: restrictions or requirements for developers, employer trip reduction programs, and/or forming transportation management districts and associations.
Unbundled residential parking detaches the cost of parking from the cost of renting or owning a home. For example, condominiums often include a parking space in the price of the home. Detaching the cost of the residence from the parking space allows buyers to pay for parking only if they need it.
Vanpools consist of five to fifteen commuters traveling on the same schedule. Vanpools pick riders up at their residence or at a designated gathering place, such as a park and ride lot. Vanpools typically travel to a single employment hub or worksite.